Kadathanad  
 
           kadatanad is the land Kalaripayattu, the Kerala originated Martial Arts. The land is filled with the stories of great warriors like Thacholi Othenan and Kunjali Marakkar.
           The overall cultural awakening was noticed here in the mid of 1870ís . In history Vatakara is the capital of old Kurumbranadu (kadatanad), a tribal flock known as Kurumbrar where the main inhabitants of this place. This is the story behind Vatakara getting the name Kadatanad .
 
Thacholi Othenan
 

          Thacholi Meppayil Kunjhu Othenan (Udayana Kurup of Thacholi Manikoth House) or more popularly Thacholi Othenan was a legendary hero from North Kerala, a small state in southIndia, who lived in the 16th century. Highly stylised songs and stories of his valour and chivalry abound. His real name was Udayana Kurup. He is praised about in vadakkanpattu (ballads of North Kerala).
Othenan was born in the family of Manikoth in Thacholi near Vatakara(His father was a King of a small fiefdom) a small town in Kerala. He practised Kalarippayattu  from a very young age and grew up to be an extraordinarily brave and skilled warrior. Legends portray him as being a merciless opponent to enemies and a friend to the helpless. Even the powerful Zamorin ofCalicut respected him. He defeated>Mathiloor Gurukkalin ankam (dual/war) and killed him. But one of the Gurukkal’s disciples killed Othenan through treachery at the young age of 32.
         Lokanarkavu Temple is situated 5 km from , a small town in Keralastate of south India. Lokanarkavu is a short form of Lokamalayarkavu which means lokam (world) made of mala (mountain), aaru (river) and kavu (grove). It is the official family temple of the five hundres [Aryan] Nagariks who had migrated to kerala and their successors. Temple can be reached by train by getting down at vadakara,which is 4 km from temple. By air the nearest airport is calicut airport which is 87kilometers away. Pooram is the important festival here and it is conducted with great pompo and show. The week-long festival begins with Kodiyettam (flag hoisting) and concludes with Arattu. The temple dedicated to goddess has great historical importance as Thacholi Othenan, used to worship here every day.

 
Lokanarkavu and Kalarippayattu
 
 

       Forty-one day Mandala Utsavam is the annual festival at the Lokanarkavu Bhagavathy Temple. This is the only temple where a peculiar folk dance called Thacholikali is presented during festivals. The dance, performed during the festival resembles the martial art Kalarippayattu. Even today, all Kalaripayattu artists seek the blessings of the deity before their debut due to the association of lokanarkavu temple with legendery hero Thacholi Othenan.

 
History of Durga temple
 
              The Durga temple was built by Aryans Brahmins< who migrated to this place some 1500 years back. They were Brahmins who took up trade as their main occupation. The Aryan successors of these temple still are of prime importance in the temple. They gradually began to accept some of the traditions of local Nairs and made martial relationship with them. But on close examination their customs and beliefs are evidently different from local Nair community. It is believed that the goddess travelled with them to Lokanarkavu in the form of a lady who followed the five hundred Aryans. The successors still see this goddess as their mother and not as goddess. Often the name of Thacholi Othenan is misquoted with the origin of temple. Othenan was a great devotee, but never had any holding rights or anything to do with the establishment of Durga temple. It is evident from the fact that the goddess is Durga at Lokanarkavu and not the Kali form. The heroes of Vadakkan Pattukal had their ancestral goddesses as Kali form and not Durga form. The same applies to the local rulers who later claimed Lokanarkavu as their family goddess. All the rulers of Kerala had Goddesses with Thamasa pooja or shakteya pooja; ie poojas in which either man or animal was sacrificed. It was a more local tradition and most family temples of Kerala kings and locals had followed such tradition until it was modified. Later due to Aryanisation of temples, modifications were made by replacing human sacrifice with cutting plantain or performing poojas with tender coconut and cereals meant to replace liquor and meat. Unlike this local tradition Lokanarkavu durga temple do not have any such traditions and never had such practices as it was established byAryans itself.
 
Story of Unniyarcha
 

            The ballads of north Malabar narrate the stories of heroes and heroines. The popular story of Unniyarcha has become a symbol of heroism and liberation of womanhood. Archa was a member of the Puthuram family of Katattanad. She was the daughter of the great fighter Kannappa Chekavar, reputed for having participated in forty-one duels. Unniyarcha was the younger sister of Aaromal Chekavar, the greatest hero of Puthooram songs.
Born in a well-to-do family of Puthooram Chekons, she had undergone all the ceremonies like ear boring, at an early age. She also went through traditional ceremonies like hair tying and Talikettu Kalyanam . She was married to Kunhiraman of Attum Manammel, a teacher of Putusseri Kalari.
One night, inspired by a dream of the temple festival at Allimalar Kavu, (or Lokanar Kavu) she determined herself to attend the function alone. Her father-in-law, mother-in-law and even her husband tried to dissuade her from the decision, as the way to the place was through Nadapuram, which was notorious for some Jonakar hooliganism. They feared that the hooligans would do some mischief as Unniyarcha was young and beautiful. The mother-in-law even told her that she would get her son killed. But she remained firm in her decision and said: "... Born in the famous Puthooram house, as the darling child of Kannappa, Born with velour and courage, I can't stay back like a coward."
After finishing all domestic duties and taking her bath, she wore her beautiful dress and glittering ornaments. She also wore the Urumi (long flexible sword that can be tied round the waist) for self-defense and proceeded to the festival. Reluctantly her husband also followed her and both of them reached at Nadapuram. As Unniyarcha had already decided to bring an end to Jonakars indecent behaviors towards women, she thought of taking rest for a while on the platform constructed around the banyan tree, there. Now the Jonakars who found the lady on the platform began to whisper to each other about her dazzling beauty. They decided that she must be captured and presented to Mooppan, their headman. By taking strong sticks and wooden weapons they surrounded the platform. Seeing the scene, Kunhiraman accused her of disobeying the words of his parents. She bravely retorted:
"... I being a woman does not shiver,
While, you a man do shudder
to see these hooligans.
I don't care even if they're thousands
as I belong to Puthooram family
. "
For, Puthooram women have never sent their men to be killed.
          At first the Jonakars showed respect to her by placing some presents, but suddenly they changed their attitude and proceeded to tie down Kunhiraman and capture. She told them that if they wanted her ornaments she was ready to hand them over to them. She also warned that they should not step further or touch her. In spite of her warning, the Jonakars moved forward with the evil intention of capturing her. Then she took a long, wet towel and challenged them to face her. By brandishing the wet cloth, she intercepted the enemy pool and moved to and fro in lightning speed using Kalari techniques. Most of the Jonakar fell down by the power packed action and she somersaulted to stand up on the platform, again. If she had used the deadly weapon Urumi the situation would have been fatal. It seems that she wanted only to teach them a lesson. Then she challenged them to face her again and revealed her identity as the sister of Aaromal Chekavar. She warned that she would destroy them completely.
          When they heard the name of the great and famous exponent of Kalari, Aaromal Chekavar, they fled to their Mooppan and told him everything. On hearing the incident he fainted out of fear. On regaining consciousness he arranged to send his wife, and the wife of the Naduvazhi one after another with rich presents to pacify Unniyarcha and to apologize for the incident. But none of them succeeded in pacifying her. Then they sent for Aaromal Chekavar requesting him to intervene. On hearing that Unniyarcha is furious at the disrespectful behavior toward her by the Jonakars he personally went there. He sent for the Mooppan who came and apologized by falling at Unniyarcha's feet. Aaromal Chekavar pacified her to accept the innumerable gold coins, ornaments and gifts placed by the Mooppan and other Jonakars. She accepted her brother's advice and accepted the presents. Then she went to see the festival and returned home happily. She gave away the ornaments and presents to her mother-in-law and told her that she had brought her son back, alive. Although this is a story of social conflict between localities and groups, it highlights the heroism of a woman and her independent character. It also reveals the importance Unniyarcha.

 
History of Kunhali Marakkars
 
         According to the opinion of William Logan (Author of Malabar Manual and former collector of Malabar) the 'Marakkanmar' ( Marakkars) were the natives of Panthalayam, a place near Kozhikode and following an attack on the Muslim families in the area, they shifted their residence from there to Thikkody at first and then to Kottakkal (Vadakara). It was the Zamorin(King) of Kozhikode who conferred upon them the title of Kunjhali Marakkanmar (which means chiefs or captains of Naval Force). They were given positions in the army equal to that of Nairs (a Warrior community). Kunjhalimarakkars led the forces as the Commander-in-Chief in the battles against the Portugese.
 
 
KUNJHALI MARAKKAR  I
 
 
            Kunjhalimarakkar-I was appointed as the chief of the Naval forces of Kozhikode during the time of battle against Portuguese. He joined hands with Maslik Iyyas who came from Gujarath and Mir Hassan of Egypt and started a severe naval war against the Portuguese. But in 1509 the delay in obtaining military assistance and the withdrawal of Maslik Iyyas led Kunjhali Marakkar-I to defeat. Later, under the military command of Marakkar, Zamorin could abstract the journey of Portuguese to Kochi and this action led to the conflict between Kochi and Zamorin.
 
KUNJHALI MARAKKAR II
 

           Kunjhali Marakkar-II was an astonishing synonym of courage. He was the son of Kuttyali Marakkar who defeated the Portuguese in 1524. He had been to Egypt as a messenger on behalf of Zamorin. He had been to Ceylon as a fighter along with his father. Kunjhali Marakkar who always tried to defend Portuguese attacks confronted them with the help of Egyptian army in 1538.
           But since the Egyptian army withdrew in the midst, Kunjhali Marakkar had to agree for a compromise in 1540. On capitalizing this situation they began to plunder shrines and to kill several prominent persons. Angered by this the Zamorin and Kunjhali attempted to retrieve those towns, which were captured by the Portuguese. Following this, the Portuguese plundered Lakshadives and killed many people. Innumerable helping hands were being extended from far and wide against the Portuguese hegemony.

 
The Zamorin and Kunjhalimarakkar were also in receipt of military aid from the Sultan of Bijapur and Ahamed Nagar. In 1571 the conquest of Chaliyam Fort increased the influence and authority of the Kunjhali Marakkar.
 
KUNJHALI MARAKKAR- III
 
It was Kunjhali Marakkar-III who endeavored to strengthen the naval power for the Chaliyam war. The Portuguese had to confront with the army of Kunjhali Marakkar frequently. In 1577 the Portuguese asked for permission to construct a fort at Ponnani and the Zamorin refused to grant permission. Enraged by this, the Portuguese started invasion. On the land as well as on the sea the forces of Zamorin and Kunjhalis defeated them. In a battle that was fought in 1586 Kunjhali defeated them. Subsequently Khwaja Moosa, Son-in-Law of Kunjhali Marakkar came to the arena opposing the Portuguese people.
 
Kunjhali Marakkar - IV
 

 
Kunjhali Marakkar IV was installed as the Army chief of Zamorin and the chief of Puthupanam fort in 1595. He strengthened all defense measures. The Portuguese maneuvered to bring the Zamorin, who was not in harmony with Kunjhali, under their influence. It became a threat to the very existence of Kunjhali. The Portugese came with more forces from Goa and with the help of Zamorin seized the Marakkar fort . With no other alternative Kunjhali promised to surrender before the Zamorin. But Kunjhali who was caught in the trap of the Portuguese was treated barbarously.
National Highway 17 passes through Vatakara   and  many trains go through this place. After  the  introduction of  the Konkan   Railway, rail traffic has undergone a tremendous change. The proximity to the Head Quarters of Malabar, the city of Calicut that is also the district capital, enhances the importance of Vatakara.
Choorakkodi Kalari Sangam is six km away from Vatakara. Road transport is available to C K S at anytime.
 
 
 
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